USA and the UK
- What is an Express Entry Program?
- How Does Express Entry Work?
- Types of Express Entry Programs
- How Long does the Express Entry Process Take
- Benefits of Express Entry Programs
- Express Entry Program Cost
- Minimum Requirements for Express Entry Eligibility
- Requirements for Express Entry programs
- CRS Score Requirement in Express Entry Program
- How to Increase the CRS Score?
- Documents Needed for Express Entry to Canada
- The Application Process for Express Entry
- What Happens If Your Application is Approved?
- How can IAS help?
What is an Express Entry Program?
The Express Entry Program is a skilled worker immigration program in Canada that allows candidates to apply for permanent residency through a point-based system. The program was launched in January 2015 with the aim of reducing the backlog of applications and allowing more people to qualify for permanent residency in Canada.
The Express Entry System was developed by the Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) in collaboration with provincial governments, stakeholders, and other concerned authorities. The purpose behind this was to ensure an efficient process for all applicants who wish to immigrate to Canada as permanent residents from outside the country.
The Express Entry System allows candidates to apply online through IRCC’s website. It also enables them to receive invitations to apply for Canadian permanent residency after completing their profile assessment. In addition, the system allows employers who are looking for foreign workers to search for potential candidates according to their skills and experience.
How Does Express Entry Work?
The Express Entry program is a system used by the Government of Canada to manage applications for Canadian permanent residents. Applications are processed through this system if they meet certain criteria.
To be eligible for Express Entry, you must first obtain an Invitation to Apply (ITA) from the Express Entry Pool. The ITA will be based on a ranking system that is based on factors such as age, education, and work experience. The more points you earn, the higher up in the ranking you will be.
If you receive an ITA, you can then apply for permanent residence through this system. Once your application is received and approved, you will receive a Confirmation of Permanent Residence (COPR) document from Immigration, Refugees, and Citizenship Canada (IRCC). This is proof that you have been granted Canadian permanent residence status and can begin living in Canada permanently with your family members once they arrive.
Types of Express Entry Programs
The Express Entry system is a computerised process that helps select candidates for Canadian immigration. The system selects candidates who have the highest score and are most likely to succeed in Canada.
Candidates can apply for permanent residence through one of the following three streams:
- The Federal Skilled Worker (FSW) Program, requires applicants to have at least 1 year of paid skilled work experience in Canada or abroad.
- The Federal Skilled Trade (FST) Program, requires applicants to have at least 2 years of skilled work experience in Canada or abroad, as well as proof of their knowledge in a trade or profession.
- The Canadian Experience Class (CEC), allows individuals with at least 12 months of full-time or equivalent part-time Canadian work experience in skilled occupations to apply for permanent residence if they meet certain other criteria, such as language proficiency and education level.
In addition to the three programs, some provinces and territories have their own Provincial Nominee Program (PNP). This program allows provinces and territories to nominate individuals who have skills that are in demand in their region. Within the PNP, the province or territory will let you know whether you must apply through the Express Entry system or through a regular application process.
How Long does the Express Entry Process Take
The length of time that it takes to complete an application under Express Entry depends on many factors such as your profile score, when you applied, your country of residence, and more.
Generally, it takes about six months for a profile to be received and assessed by IRCC. However, this time frame can vary greatly depending on the applicant’s situation.
For example, if you have a valid job offer from an employer in Canada or are eligible for one of the Provincial Nominee Programs (PNPs), then your chances of getting an invitation will likely increase.
Benefits of Express Entry Programs
There are several benefits of Express Entry programs.
Firstly, they help newcomers to Canada find jobs. Express Entry programs require candidates to have a job offer from an employer in Canada before they can apply for permanent residency. This ensures that newcomers can secure employment before they arrive.
Secondly, these programs allow employers to easily hire foreign workers. Employers no longer need to navigate the complex process of applying for temporary work permits on behalf of their employees. They can simply fill out an online form and wait for a response from the Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC).
Thirdly, Express Entry programs make it easier for immigrants to bring their families to Canada. Applicants who are approved under these programs can apply for their spouses and dependents at the same time as themselves, rather than having to stand in line separately at immigration offices around the world (as is required under other types of immigration). This means that spouses and dependents don’t need to wait years before they can join their partners in Canada.
Finally, the Express Entry system uses an electronic process that eliminates bias. Candidates are selected based on their CRS scores, with no possibility of discrimination.
Express Entry Program Cost
The cost of the Express Entry Program varies according to your family members’ sponsorship and living location. For individual applications, the fee is $1,365 (including processing fees of $850 and the right of permanent residence fee of $515). It will be another $1,365 to add your spouse and $230 to include a dependent child.
When you submit your application, you must also pay a biometrics fee, or else there may be delays. The fee covers the cost of collecting fingerprints and a digital photo. After paying the biometrics fee, you will receive a letter confirming that you need to give your biometrics and where to go. You will then have to show this letter at the time of giving your biometrics.
In 2020, IRCC announced that it would increase permanent residence fees to account for inflation for the first time since 2002. The department further stated that it would increase fees every 2 years to adjust for inflation.
Language Ability Requirements
You must have a language test (validity of 2 years) in English or French for writing, reading, listening, and speaking. The minimum score of the Canadian Language Benchmark (CLB) is 7 in all 4 sections.
For Canadian students, a secondary institution (high school) or post-secondary institution certificate is required and for foreign students, an ECA (Educational Credential Assessment) is required.
You will have to show that you have enough money to support yourself and your family when you settle in Canada, unless you are currently legally allowed to work in Canada or have a job offer from a Canadian employer.
Some people are inadmissible to Canada. An officer at a port of entry will decide if you can enter Canada when you apply for a visa or an Electronic Travel Authorization (eTA) or arrive in Canada.
There are many reasons why a person may not be allowed to enter Canada. These include having a criminal conviction, previous immigration violations, or health issues. You can find more information about inadmissibility on the Citizenship and Immigration Canada website.
Also, if you plan on living in Quebec, you will have to apply to the province of Quebec’s skilled worker program.
If you meet the criteria for one or more of the Express Entry programs and submit your profile, you’ll be ranked in the Express Entry pool using the Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS).
You must have enough points to be invited, but the minimum points required to change each time invitations are sent out. The latest minimum CRS score requirements can be found on their website.
Federal Skilled Worker Program (FSWP)
The Federal Skilled Worker Program uses a grid of 100 points to assess your eligibility. You get points for how well you do in six areas: age, language skills, education, work experience, age, and adaptability.
Here are the minimum requirements you’ll need to be eligible for the FSWP Program:
- Skilled work experience in any one of the NOC job groups: (skill type 0, A, or B)
- Work experience within the last 10 years
- Must be paid work where you received remuneration or earned income
- Minimum one year of work experience, or 1,560 hours (30 hours/week) total
- For part-time work, the total hours should add up to 1,560 hours
- For students, work experience is considered if the work was paid, continuous, and meets all other Program requirements
Federal Skilled Trades Program (FSTP)
- A two-year minimum of full-time or part-time work experience is required
- Work experience in a skilled trade within the last 5 years
- Have a job offer or full-time employment for at least one year or certification of qualification in the skilled trade by a Canadian provincial, territorial or federal authority
Note that the work experience will only count after you have qualified to do the job independently.
Canadian Experience Class (CEC)
To be eligible for the Canadian Experience Class, you must not be a refugee claimant in Canada, not working without authorization, or have temporary resident status in Canada.
Other requirements are:
- Have a minimum of 1 year of skilled work experience (in a full-time or part-time job) in Canada
- Work experience within the last 3 years
- Work experience earned while living in Canada with authorisation to work
- Experience in 1 or more NOC 0, A, or B jobs
Provincial Nominee Program
If you’re eligible for one of the above programs, you can also apply through Express Entry for the Provincial Nominee Program. If you are nominated by a province, you will get extra points in the Express Entry pool so that you can be invited to apply more quickly.
The PNP program is open to you if you meet the eligibility requirements of a province/territory, and you submit an Express Entry profile.
CRS Score Requirement in Express Entry Program
The Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS) is the primary selection tool for Canada’s Express Entry immigration program.
The CRS ranks candidates using a points-based system based on their age, language proficiency, education and work experience, adaptability, and other factors. Candidates are ranked according to the combination of their score and their rank in the pool.
The CRS includes a core set of 600 points, as well as an additional 600 points for a total score of 1,200. The Government of Canada also has a CRS tool that you can use to check your CRS score.
The CRS score can be improved by submitting additional documents to support your application, such as a work experience letter or a language test report. The higher your CRS score, the better chance you have of being invited to apply for Canadian permanent residence.
How to Increase the CRS Score?
The first step to increasing your CRS score is to ensure that your profile matches with what Canada wants. That means that you need to make sure that all information on your profile is accurate and updated regularly.
You also need to ensure that your professional experience is relevant and up to date. If there are any gaps in your employment history or if your job titles don’t match those listed on your resume, then this could negatively affect your chances of being accepted into the Express Entry program and immigrating to Canada permanently.
Another way to improve your chances of being accepted under this program is by improving your language skills. If English or French isn’t spoken at home or in school like it is in Canada, then you might want to consider taking some language classes. This could make it easier for you to find a job and communicate with your employer.
Documents Needed for Express Entry to Canada
In order to apply for Canada Express Entry, you must provide several documents. These include:
- Passport: You must have a valid passport from any country in the world.
- Proof of Language Proficiency: You must prove your language proficiency by submitting an International English Language Testing System (IELTS) score of 6 or higher on all four components (listening, reading, writing, and speaking), or you can submit a Canadian English Language Proficiency Index Program (CELPIP) with a minimum score of 7.
- Work Experience: You must have at least one year of paid full-time/part-time work experience in one of the occupations listed on the Government of Canada’s website within the last 10 years prior to your application date or a written job offer from an employer in Canada.
- Education Documentation: You must provide proof that you have completed secondary education from an accredited school/college or proof of Canadian education.
- Proof of Funds: You must provide proof of your funds to support yourself and your family members during your stay in Canada. You can do this by providing one of the following: tax returns (for you and all dependents included in your application); or a letter from an employer/sponsor stating that they will provide financial support for you while you are in Canada; or a bank statement showing available funds.
If you’re invited to apply for Express Entry, you’ll need to upload copies of the documents you used for your profile (see list above) as well as the following:
- Police certificates
- Medical exams
- Proof of funds
You will also need to submit a birth certificate and a death certificate, as well as a marriage certificate, divorce certificate, and adoption certificate depending on your marital status.
If your supporting documents are in a language other than English or French, you will need to have them translated and submitted along with an English or French translation and a copy of the original source document used by the translator.
The Application Process for Express Entry
In order to apply for an Express Entry program, you must first create a profile in the Express Entry system.
You can create your profile by filling out an online form and submitting it to the IRCC website. The form will ask for information about your education, work experience, language skills, and more.
The more detailed and accurate your information is, the better chance you have of being selected by IRCC to receive an invitation to apply for an Express Entry program.
If you don’t submit your Express Entry profile within 60 days, IRCC will have to start the selection process again. Once you’ve filled out your profile, you can submit it online. IRCC will determine which immigration program you’re eligible for under Express Entry.
What Happens If Your Application is Approved?
After your application for permanent residence is approved, you’ll receive an email notification from Immigration, Refugees, and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) with instructions on how to apply for a permanent resident visa. You can also check your account on the IRCC website to see your status.
If you are invited to apply for permanent residence in Canada, you have 60 days from the date of invitation to submit all required documents. If you do not submit your application within this time frame, it will be cancelled without any further notice.
Once your application is approved, you’ll be invited to enter Canada as a permanent resident. Some applicants receive an invitation to enter Canada before they submit their application for permanent residence; however, others wait until after they have submitted their application before receiving an invitation.
This depends on whether there are enough spaces available for people who have been invited to apply for permanent residence.
How Can IAS Help?
Our team of immigration experts are here to help you.
We have the expertise and experience to guide you through the Express Entry process, from start to finish. We understand how daunting it can be to navigate the immigration system in a foreign country, and we’re here to make it easier for you.
Our experts will guide you through each step of the process, from understanding what Express Entry is all about and helping you determine whether it’s right for your situation, all the way through submitting your application and receiving an invitation for permanent residence.
We’ll keep in touch with you throughout the process to make sure everything goes smoothly so that you can focus on other things like working or studying in Canada.
Call us at +1 844 290 6312 for immediate help and assistance with your situation. We’re here to help you in person, via the phone, or online.
Last modified on August 18th, 2023 at 11:05 am
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