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Portuguese Citizenship by Birth

Portuguese residents who have been in the country for at least a year can apply for Portuguese citizenship for their children.

Find out more about acquiring Portuguese citizenship by birth. Call our lawyers at +1 844 290 6312 for questions about foreign citizenship or professional advice regarding your situation. We can assist you in person, over the phone, or online.

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    How Is Portuguese Citizenship Acquired?

    The Portuguese nationality law explains how someone can become a Portuguese citizen. According to it, you can get Portuguese citizenship through descent from Portuguese parents or grandparents, marriage or civil union, or birth in Portuguese territory.

    Obtaining Portuguese citizenship entitles you to live, work, and study in any European Union country and visa-free or visa-on-arrival access to over 180 countries worldwide as a US citizen.

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    Who Is Eligible For Portuguese Citizenship By Birth?

    Portugal implemented a birthright citizenship law, also called New Jus Soli, on November 11th, 2020. Diário da Republica, the official newsletter of the Portuguese government, published the amended nationality law following President de Sousa’s proclamation.

    The following are the eligibility requirements to acquire citizenship by birth:

    • Any child born in Portugal automatically becomes a citizen if at least one parent is a Portuguese citizen.
    • People born in the country to non-citizens also get Portuguese citizenship at birth if at least one parent lived in Portugal for at least a year before the delivery or if the person was born in Portugal and lived there at the time of birth.
    • Children born in the country but don’t have a home country automatically become Portuguese citizens.

    This opportunity will be available even to foreign residents such as Americans who only spent seven days in Portugal during their first year (as the physical presence rules require).

    Because of legislation, Portugal’s Residency by Investment program will become the only European Union scheme allowing foreigners to acquire Portuguese citizenship by birth for their children without having to reside in the country for an extended period.

    Who Is Considered Portuguese By Origin?

    According to the Portuguese Nationality Act, Portuguese by origin, as opposed to Portuguese citizens by birth, are:

    • The children of a Portuguese mother or father born in Portuguese territory;
    • The children of a Portuguese mother or father born abroad if the Portuguese parent is there serving the Portuguese State;
    • The children of a Portuguese mother or father born abroad if their birth is registered in the Portuguese civil registry or if they declare that they want to be Portuguese.

    Unless proven otherwise, newly-born infants found abandoned in Portugal are presumed to have been born on Portuguese territory.

    To understand this type of citizenship for Portugal better, speak to one of our legal experts today by calling: +1 844 290 6312

    What Are The Required Documents For Portuguese Citizens with children born in the USA with American Citizenship?

    The required documents to obtain Portuguese Citizenship for US Children depend on their ages.

    A. Under 18 years old

    1. Long-form birth certificate (original or certified copy) for your child
    2. A copy of your child’s passport or another form of valid photo identification. This is not required for children under the age of 14
    3. Both parents’ Long-form birth certificate
    4. If one or both parents are Portuguese, evidence of birth or a valid Portuguese ID document is required.
      • If you don’t have any of these, you must know the full name and date of birth of the Portuguese parent(s) so that the Consulate can find the correct Portuguese birth certificate.
    5. If one parent were born in the United States, the original or certified copy of the responsible parent’s long-form birth certificate would be required.
    6. If applicable, an original or certified copy of your parent’s marriage certificate. The Consulate can help you obtain the certificate if the marriage occurred in Portugal.
    7. Proof of address (for example, a parent’s driver’s license)
    8. An application fee of €200. The same fee also applies to the disabled and those whose parent (either one) became a Portuguese national after the person was born.

    B. 18 years old or above

    1. An original or certified copy of your long-form birth certificate
    2. A copy of your child’s passport or another form of valid photo identification;
    3. Both parents’ birth certificates or a valid Portuguese ID document if one or both parents are Portuguese
      • If you don’t have any of these documents, you must know the full name and date of birth of the Portuguese parent(s) so that the Consulate can find the correct Portuguese birth certificate.
      • If one parent were born in the United States, the original or certified copy of the responsible parent’s long-form birth certificate would be required.
    4. If applicable, an original or certified copy of your parents’ marriage certificate. The Consulate can help you obtain the certification if the marriage occurred in Portugal.
    5. Address confirmation (e.g., driver’s license)
    6. An application fee of €250.

    Call us today to learn more about the process of Portuguese Citizenship by Birth. Contact Us

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      What Are The Requirements To Obtain Portuguese Citizenship For Children Under 14 Years Old?

      Both parents must go to the Consulate in person if they want their children to acquire Portuguese citizenship and sign the birth certificate. This is true even if one parent is not a Portuguese national.

      Before a child can obtain Portuguese citizenship, the parents must be registered at the Consulate and, if they are married, their marriage must be registered in Portugal.

      The following documents are required:

      1. Child’s birth certificate (long form containing all relevant information about the birth);
      2. Portuguese passport, birth certificate proof, or identification card of Portuguese parent(s);
      3. Non-Portuguese parent’s birth certificate (legalized by apostille by the Government of the country of birth).

      All documents other than French, Spanish, and English must be officially translated into the Portuguese language. Birth certificate translation, legalization fee, and a notarized copy of passport are required for registrations after 14.

      What Are The Steps For Children Born Before Their Parents Became Portuguese Citizens?

      The first step is for the parents to register their marriage in the Portuguese civil registry. The parents must then register the child’s birth with the same agency. It takes more than a year to finish the process.

      The following documents must be part of the citizenship application, and the Portuguese government will charge a fee for each:

      1. Birth certificate of the Portuguese parent;
      2. Birth certificate of the non-Portuguese parent with an apostille;
      3. Marriage certificate with an apostille;
      4. Birth certificate of the minor with an apostille;
      5. Passports of both parents and the child.

      Where Do We Submit Application Documents For Portuguese Citizenship For Children?

      Children born outside of Portugal to one or both Portuguese parents have the right to be a Portuguese national.

      Send applications for Portuguese citizenship to the closest Portuguese Consulate, where they will be processed and shipped to the Conservatória dos Registos Centrais in Lisbon. Registration will be processed there.

      Do We Need To Submit Documents Pertaining To Portuguese Parent(s)?

      The following documents must also be submitted for the Portuguese parent(s):

      1. The marriage of the parents must be acknowledged on the birth certificate.
        • If the parents are married abroad, and the union has not yet been registered in Portugal, the Consulate must register the marriage before the child can apply for Portuguese nationality.
        • If the marriage took place in the United States, the marriage must be registered in the civil registry system of Portugal regardless of the child’s age.
      2. If the applicant’s parents were not married at the time of his or her birth, they must sign a statement confirming paternity while the applicant is still a minor.
      3. Both parents’ birth certificates
        • For parents born outside the USA, the birth certificate must be authenticated by the Apostille or Consulate of Portugal in the respective country.

      How Can IAS Help?

      The considerable rise in people wanting to become Portuguese citizens can make the process take longer. When a citizenship application submitted to the proper Portuguese authorities isn’t made right, it causes unnecessary delays.

      Make sure to scan and email all the documents you have that might give you the right to process your child’s Portuguese Citizenship by birth. This way, your application can be looked at quickly and thoroughly. It would also help if you talked to an immigration lawyer.

      Immigration Advice Services can help you with professional advice regarding foreign citizenship. Our Advice Sessions with OISC-regulated lawyers can be done in person (in one of our offices across the country), over the phone, or through Skype.

      Our lawyers will ask you a lot of questions about your immigration situation and give you full advice about what your options are and what you need to do next.

      During your Advice Session, we will also talk about how, with our Application Package, we can handle and manage the whole process for you. We will make it as smooth and stress-free as possible and increase your chances of success through our proven experience and expertise.

      You can book a session with one of Immigration Advice Service’s immigration lawyers by calling +1 844 290 6312 or inquiring online.

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                Frequently Asked Questions

                A child born in Portugal to foreign parents can still acquire Portuguese citizenship as long as their parents, or at least one of them, have lived in Portugal for at least one year, no matter their legal status.

                Registration of births is required. All children born in Portugal must be registered, even if their parents are not Portuguese citizens.

                During the online birth registration application process, you can also apply for a Citizen’s Card.

                When applying for Portuguese citizenship for your minor child (under 18), you do not need to bring your child to the Consulate.

                It is unnecessary to present the child’s ID document when applying for Portuguese citizenship for a minor child (under 14 years of age). A valid picture ID is only required if your child is 14 or older.

                If you apply for Portuguese citizenship as an adult (over 18), your parents do not need to accompany you to the Consulate.

                All children under 18 whose parents became Portuguese citizens have Portuguese citizenship by birth. There is a quick administrative process to register the delivery and give the citizenship, but it can take up to 6 months.

                Children born after their parents got Portuguese citizenship don’t have to pay any fees to the government. However, before applying, we suggest that the marriage between parents be registered.

                The Portuguese authorities had previously expanded resident rights. However, in 2018, Portugal amended its Portuguese Citizenship Law to grant foreigners who had legally resided in Portugal for five years the right to naturalisation.

                The new rules are being followed precisely by the authorities: holders of Portuguese legal residence permits who meet a minimum presence requirement are considered legal residents and have the right to apply for Portuguese Citizenship.

                The Portugal Golden Residence Permit Program, also known as the Portugal Golden Visa Program, lets non-European Union citizens live in Portugal for five years in exchange for an investment. The residence permit allows you to live, work, and attend school in Portugal. It also lets you move around freely in the Schengen Area of Europe.

                Also, the program only requires that you spend an average of seven days a year in Portugal during this time. This time can also count toward your eligibility for Portuguese citizenship after five years.

                Portugal is on track to join the United States as an E1 and E2 country. The House of Representatives passed a Portuguese law called the “Amigos Act.” The Senate Committee on the Judiciary is in charge of it right now.

                For it to become law, it must pass the Senate and be signed by the President.

                If the “Amigos Act” becomes a law, Portuguese people will not need a visa to live and work in the United States. This will be another huge benefit of the Portuguese Golden Visa, which is already very popular.

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